The expanding solar industry offers careers in the residential, commercial, and utility-scale sectors for people of all levels of education and experience; this map explores 44. An ambitious worker could progress within any of these solar-related occupations, or seek the skills and credentials to advance between them. Click any dot to find out more.

Equipment Operator
Equipment Operator

Equipment Operators on solar installation sites are responsible for operating various types of construction equipment that are imperative to all aspects of a solar job, regardless of the size of the project.

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Carpenter with Solar Expertise
Carpenter with Solar Expertise

Carpenters with Solar Expertise are extremely important for maintaining structural and support for utility-scale, commercial and residential solar projects. By using materials including wood, metal, and concrete, carpenters ensure that solar installations are secure and meet quality standards.

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Energy Storage Installer
Energy Storage Installer

Energy Storage Installers are the backbone of the solar-plus-storage market. They set up and maintain sophisticated battery storage equipment and wiring that connects to a residential, commercial, or utility-scale solar energy system.

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Solar Construction Worker
Solar Construction Worker

Solar Construction Workers carry out physical labor tasks at utility-scale, commercial, and residential solar projects in compliance with system design schematics.

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IT Specialist
IT Specialist

IT specialists support clean energy’s cutting-edge digital tools for a wide range of solar industry applications, including PV system design and monitoring; solar investment, finance, and sales; project permitting; and service logistics.

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Entry-Level Solar Installer
Entry-Level Solar Installer

Entry-level installers assemble and mount photovoltaic systems on roofs or other structures in compliance with system design schematics for residential, commercial, and utility-scale solar projects.

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Solar Site Supervisor
Solar Site Supervisor

Solar Site Supervisors lead teams of PV Installers at a worksite. They motivate and coordinate, keep crews focused and on schedule, verify safety procedures and equipment, and provide quality assurance.

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Solar Project Manager
Solar Project Manager

Solar Project Managers coordinate all of the workers and materials involved in a solar installation, managing time and budgets, and translating between engineers, system designers, and installers in the field.

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Solar Instructor
Solar Instructor

Solar Instructors transmit the industry’s fundamental principles and best practices—in science, technology, craft, and safety—to students at every level. They are experts, teachers, and visionaries.

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Solar Fleet Manager
Solar Fleet Manager

Solar Fleet Managers identify, cultivate, and manage third-party vendors to service residential or commercial solar installations. They interact with multiple business interests to ensure service level agreements are met, and they oversee logistics coordination for existing and new solar installation equipment.

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Software Engineer
Software Engineer

Software Engineers design cutting-edge digital tools for PV system design and monitoring; clean energy investment, finance, and sales; field training, project permitting; and service logistics.

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Roofer with Solar Expertise
Roofer with Solar Expertise

Roofers with Solar Expertise use best practices in roofing to install racking systems, mount photovoltaic panels or thermal collectors, and waterproof the flashing around installed components.

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HVAC Technician with Solar Expertise
HVAC Technician with Solar Expertise

HVAC Technicians install, service, and repair commercial solar thermal systems. They also manage whole-building systems, which is key to the future of residential solar energy.

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Solar Service Technician (residential)
Solar Service Technician (residential)

Residential Service Technicians are quality assurance professionals who monitor, diagnose, optimize, and repair underperforming PV systems.

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Lead PV Installer
Lead PV Installer

Lead PV Installers are the solid core of the solar industry. They set up and maintain the sophisticated equipment and wiring that connects a solar energy system to the electrical grid.

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Solar O&M Technician (commercial/utility)
Solar O&M Technician (commercial/utility)

Solar O&M Technicians perform operations and maintenance on large-scale photovoltaic systems. This involves highly technical performance monitoring with sophisticated instrumentation and controls.

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Solar Site Assessor
Solar Site Assessor

Solar Site Assessors evaluate sites in-person or remotely to determine how much energy can be harvested at a given location, then make written and verbal system recommendations to potential customers.

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Solar Installation Contractor
Solar Installation Contractor

A Solar Installation Contractor plans and directs solar installation projects–submitting bids, pulling permits, and managing material, labor, and equipment.

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Electrician with Solar Expertise
Electrician with Solar Expertise

Electricians install, maintain, and repair electrical wiring, equipment, and fixtures for PV systems. They ensure that the work complies with electrical and building codes.

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Solar Sales Representative
Solar Sales Representative

Solar Sales Representatives contact prospective customers to determine their solar energy and equipment needs. They evaluate and recommend systems, estimate cost benefits, provide written summaries, and follow up with customers.

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Solar Marketing Specialist
Solar Marketing Specialist

Solar Marketing Specialists analyze the promotional potential of a solar company and create outreach programs and advertising tools to drive business expansion.

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Building Inspector with Solar Expertise
Building Inspector with Solar Expertise

Building Inspectors examine solar-related structures using construction experience to determine structural soundness and compliance with specifications, building codes, and other regulations.

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Solar Project Developer
Solar Project Developer

Solar Project Developers provide a critical link between engineering, procurement, and construction by using the best technologies to produce the most effective solar energy solutions for their clients.

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Electrical Inspector with Solar Expertise
Electrical Inspector with Solar Expertise

Ideally a solar PV-trained electrician, the Electrical Inspector examines electrical systems and equipment to confirm that they are safe, functional, and conform to code.

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Code Official with Solar Expertise
Code Official with Solar Expertise

Code Officials examine plans for construction, alteration, or repair of buildings and associated solar equipment systems to ensure compliance with building and safety codes and regulations.

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Residential PV System Designer
Residential PV System Designer

A residential PV System Designer devises small-scale photovoltaic systems—grid-tied and standalone—for individual homes and multifamily housing.

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Engineering Technician
Engineering Technician

Engineering Technicians work with engineers in applying the theory and principles of engineering to plan, design, evaluate, and improve the performance of solar energy-related equipment, processes, and facilities.

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Lawyer with Solar Expertise
Lawyer with Solar Expertise

Lawyers with Solar Expertise represent clients in regulatory and legal proceedings; draft legal documents and contracts; assist clients with project development and financing; and manage or advise clients on regulatory compliance matters.

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Solar Utility Procurement Specialist
Solar Utility Procurement Specialist

Solar Utility Procurement Specialists develop contracts for solar energy delivery and tactics to negotiate favorable terms. They build strategic relationships with new and existing solar producers and track related policy and energy markets.

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Utility Interconnection Engineer
Utility Interconnection Engineer

A Utility Interconnection Engineer manages the interconnection of power generation equipment to the electric grid, a job that involves design, evaluation, and technical or material problem-solving.

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Structural Engineer
Structural Engineer

Structural Engineers are responsible for the design and/or analysis of structural support systems for solar projects. They may supervise the construction of Concentrated Solar Power plants, PV plants, and related structures.

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Solar Energy Systems Designer
Solar Energy Systems Designer

Solar Energy System Designers perform site-specific engineering analysis of commercial, industrial, or utility-scale solar projects and design large photovoltaic or solar thermal systems.

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Power Systems Engineer
Power Systems Engineer

Power Systems Engineers are experts in the large-scale generation, transmission, and distribution of electric power. They provide the power system research, development, and analysis required to integrate solar energy and other renewable technologies into the grid.

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Advanced Manufacturing Technician
Advanced Manufacturing Technician

Advanced Manufacturing Technicians set up, test, and adjust plant machinery and equipment, using any combination of electrical, electronic, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, or computer technologies.

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Computer Numerical Control (CNC) Operator
Computer Numerical Control (CNC) Operator

CNC operators run, monitor, and can advance to programming computerized machinery to produce the precisely crafted component parts essential to a wide variety of solar technologies.

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Quality Assurance Specialist
Quality Assurance Specialist

Quality Assurance Specialists identify quality problems in solar component production and recommend and implement solutions.

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Instrumentation and Electronics Technician
Instrumentation and Electronics Technician

Instrumentation and Electronics Technicians help develop, test, calibrate, and manufacture electrical and electronic equipment, including solar components or the machines that make them.

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Electrical Engineer
Electrical Engineer

Electrical Engineers research, design, test, and supervise the development and performance of equipment and components for solar PV systems.

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Industrial Engineer
Industrial Engineer

Industrial Engineers increase solar manufacturing productivity through the management of people, the use of technology, and the introduction of more efficient processes in solar component production.

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Process Control Technician
Process Control Technician

Process Control Technicians improve solar manufacturing quality and efficiency by measuring and analyzing the design, integration, and operation of production systems, including hardware, software, and human capital.

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Environmental Engineer
Environmental Engineer

Environmental Engineers use tools and principles from a variety of engineering disciplines and establish practices to prevent, control, and/or remediate environmental, health, and safety hazards in solar industry operations.

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Mechanical Engineer
Mechanical Engineer

Mechanical Engineers provide technical leadership and support for manufacturers in the design and development of new solar products, components, and equipment.

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Materials Scientist
Materials Scientist

Materials Scientists study the structures and chemical properties of materials, including metals, alloys, rubber, ceramics, semiconductors, polymers, and glass. They improve or invent new processes and materials for solar products.

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Advanced
Mid-Level
Entry

Along the y-axis, jobs sit at three skill levels: Entry (pre-apprentice or apprentice-level, less than a 2-year post-secondary credential, 1-3 years experience), Mid- (journey or associate's level, 3-5 years experience), Advanced (master craft or bachelor's level and higher, 5+ years experience).

Along the x-axis, jobs fall into four broad sectors: Manufacturing, System Design, Project Development, Installation & Operations. There is much overlap and conversation between these linked segments of the solar value chain.

Manufacturing
System Design
Project Development
Installation & Operations